Unit 12 the Asian Games reading



Unit 12: the Asian Games
Reading
01. Purpose: (noun) Mục đích /ˈpəːpəs/
02. Intercultural: (adjective) giáo tiếp giữa các nền văn hóa /ɪntəˈkʌltʃərəl/
03. Compete: (verb) Cạnh tranh /kəmˈpiːt/
04. Strength: (noun) Sức mạnh /strɛŋθ/
05. Solidarity: (noun) Tinh thần đoàn kết /ˌsɒlɪˈdarɪti/
06. Decade: (noun) Thập kỷ /ˈdɛkeɪd/
07. Aspect: (noun) diện mạo, khía cạnh /ˈaspɛkt/
08. Quality: (noun) Chất lượng /ˈkwɒlɪti/
09. Officials: (noun) Các quan chức /əˈfɪʃ(ə)l/
10. India: (noun) Ấn Độ /ˈɪndɪə/
11. Nation: (noun) quốc gia /ˈneɪʃ(ə)n/
12. Aquatic: (adjective) sống ở dưới nước /əˈkwatɪk/
13. Athletics: (noun) môn điền kinh /aθˈlɛtɪks/
14. Weightlifting: (noun) môn cử tạ /ˈweɪtlɪftɪŋ/
15. Boxing: (noun) quyền anh /ˈbɒksɪŋ/
16. Shooting: (noun) môn bắn súng /ˈʃuːtɪŋ/
17. Wrestling: (noun) đấu vật /ˈrɛslɪŋ/
18. Hockey: (noun) Khúc côn cầu /ˈhɒki/
19. Squash: (noun) môn bóng quần /skwɒʃ/
20. Rugby: (noun) bóng bầu dục /ˈrʌɡbi/
21. Fencing: (noun) môn đấu kiếm /ˈfɛnsɪŋ/
22. Host: (noun) chủ nhà /həʊst/

The Asian Games, which take place every four years, are held for the purpose of developing intercultural knowledge and friendship within Asia. In this multi-sport event, young people from all over Asia gather together to compete. It is an occasion when strength and sports skills are tested; friendship and solidarity are built and promoted.
During their five-decade history, the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects. The number of participants has been increasing. The quality of athletes, officials and sports facilities has also been developing through time. New sports and traditional sports have been introduced and added to the Games. The 1st Asian Games were held in New Delhi, India in 1951. Only 489 athletes from 11 nations took part in the Games. The six sports events at the first Games were basketball, cycling, football, aquatic sports, athletics and weightlifting. Boxing, shooting and wrestling were added at the 2nd Asian Games in Manila, the Philippines in 1954; and tennis, volleyball, table tennis and hockey were added at the 3rd Asian Games in Tokyo, Japan in 1958. Squash, rugby, fencing and mountain biking were introduced for the first time at the 13th Asian Games in Bangkok. Thailand in 1998.
The 14th Asian Games, which were held in Busan, Korea in 2002, attracted 9,919 participants from 44 countries. The athletes competed in 38 different sports and won 427 gold medals. The Vietnamese participants took part in this event with great enthusiasm. Their efforts were much appreciated when they won 2 gold medals in bodybuilding and billiards, and 2 others in women’s karatedo. It is hoped that in the near future, Vietnam will become a host country and receive more medals in a variety of sports events.

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